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2009年12月六级真题

时间:2024-06-30 12:04:01人气:73作者:用户投稿

求英语六级真题及答案(2006年6月到2009年12月)

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在下四级587分,六级622分,向你简单提点意见,原创:

你首先要记住这一点,四六级考的是速度,一定要控制好速度,不要慢了,特别是阅读理解,千万不能在那儿停留太长的时间。

1.关于词汇,我不知道你掌握情况怎么样,假如我是你这种情况的话我会先把核心词汇先掌握住。怎么掌握?星火词汇书应该有吧?后面是不是一般都附有索引,我建议你现在先把后面的索引过一遍。怎么过?就是仅看后面的索引,然后回想,这时就会碰见完全熟的单词,半熟半生的单词以及完全陌生的单词。你应该明白了到底记什么了吧?就是后面那两类,限于时间的短促,咱们不可能从第一页翻到最后一页,现在只能记不会的单词。明白了吧?

还有如果你没有星火词汇的,我这儿有些核心词汇资料可以发给你,记住现在一定要把生词干掉!

2.关于听力,据我的经验,你只需把历年四级真题听烂即可,怎么一个烂法?就是你按着四级考试规定的时间,听一套听力,对一遍答案,记住千万别看原文。然后着重听错的,反复听,实在听不懂才去翻原文,一定记住这一点了,不然就没有效果了。

还有那个听写,我给你提点建议,只要听懂大意,听懂个别关键词即可,然后可以自己编。

还有就是能提前看题就提前看题。

还有一些基础的,我记得我是在四级考试前听了王长喜的词汇书后附带的一个光盘,它有这几个特点:⒈没有汉语朗读,完全是英语;2.较长的停顿时间。我感觉这样做有两个好处:1.记单词,我发现再听朗读中回想单词是记单词一个很好的过程,前提是你要反复听,直到实在听不懂了才去看书;2.练听力,根据我的经验,你不仅记住了每个单词的读音,如果有词组句子的话,效果会更好,跟上面一样那个你要反复听,直到实在听不懂了才去看书。

3.关于阅读理解,我只有一点意见,一定要控制好速度,不要慢了,但也得保证质量。

4.关于完形填空,跟高考难易程度相当,只要有时间做都能拿分,关键到时老没时间。

5.关于作文,我简单提点建议,首先在网上搜点模块,俯拾皆是,找不到了问我要,然后考前这段时间,最好能练几篇,通过练把这些模块内化成自己的。怎么练?就是你可以找一些真题,最好带些范文。自己写一句,就想想模块中有自己可以用的句子没,或者就直接看着那些模块,看哪些句子可以用的上,自己就写好好再与范文对照一下,看看差距在哪儿,最好也能把范文中的句子据为己有。知道我什么意思吧?不过这只适合考前较长的时间练习,临近考试的时候可别这样练呀!

希望对你有帮助,也祝你顺利通过。

历年真题:2010年12月英语六级真题

即日起英语频道推出历年真题专题,为您提供四六级备考资料以及历年真题,请您密切关注下文《2010年12月英语六级真题》由英语频道为您整理,希望对您有帮助,欢迎您访问浏览更多考试资讯。

2010年12月大学英语六级考试真题

Part I Writing(30 minutes)

Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled My Views on University Ranking. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1.目前高校排名相当盛行;

2.对于这种做法人们看法不一;

3.在我看来……

My Views on University Ranking

Part II Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Into the Unknown

The world has never seen population ageing before. Can it cope?

Until the early 1990s nobody much thought about whole populations getting older. The UN had the foresight to convene a“world assembly on ageing” back in 1982, but that came and went. By 1994 the World Bank had noticed that something big was happening. In a report entitled“Averting the Old Age Crisis”, it argued that pension arrangements in most countries were unsustainable.

For the next ten years a succession of books, mainly by Americans, sounded the alarm. They had titles like Young vs Old, Gray Dawn and The Coming Generational Storm, and their message was blunt: health-care systems were heading for the rocks, pensioners were taking young people to the cleaners, and soon there would be intergenerational warfare.

Since then the debate has become less emotional, not least because a lot more is known about the subject. Books, conferences and research papers have multiplied. International organisations such as the OECD and the EU issue regular reports. Population ageing is on every agenda, from G8 economic conferences to NATO summits. The World Economic Forum plans to consider the future of pensions and health care at its prestigious Davos conference early next year. The media, including this newspaper, are giving the subject extensive coverage.

Whether all that attention has translated into sufficient action is another question. Governments in rich countries now accept that their pension and health-care promises will soon become unaffordable, and many of them have embarked on reforms, but so far only timidly. That is not surprising: politicians with an eye on the next election will hardly rush to introduce unpopular measures that may not bear fruit for years, perhaps decades.

The outline of the changes needed is clear. To avoid fiscal(财政) meltdown, public pensions and health-care provision will have to be reined back severely and taxes may have to go up. By far the most effective method to restrain pension spending is to give people the opportunity to work longer, because it increases tax revenues and reduces spending on pensions at the same time. It may even keep them alive longer. John Rother, the AARP’s head of policy and strategy, points to studies showing that other things being equal, people who remain at work have lower death rates than their retired peers.

Younger people today mostly accept that they will have to work for longer and that their pensions will be less generous. Employers still need to be persuaded that older workers are worth holding on to. That may be because they have had plenty of younger ones to choose from, partly thanks to the post-war baby-boom and partly because over the past few decades many more women have entered the labour force, increasing employers’ choice. But the reservoir of women able and willing to take up paid work is running low, and the baby-boomers are going grey.

In many countries immigrants have been filling such gaps in the labour force as have already emerged(and remember that the real shortage is still around ten years off). Immigration in the developed world is the highest it has ever been, and it is making a useful difference. In still-fertile America it currently accounts for about 40% of total population growth, and in fast-ageing western Europe for about 90%.

On the face of it, it seems the perfect solution. Many developing countries have lots of young people in need of jobs; many rich countries need helping hands that will boost tax revenues and keep up economic growth. But over the next few decades labour forces in rich countries are set to shrink so much that inflows of immigrants would have to increase enormously to compensate: to at least twice their current size in western Europe’s most youthful countries, and three times in the older ones. Japan would need a large multiple of the few immigrants it has at present. Public opinion polls show that people in most rich countries already think that immigration is too high. Further big increases would be politically unfeasible.

To tackle the problem of ageing populations at its root,“old” countries would have to rejuvenate(使年轻) themselves by having more of their own children. A number of them have tried, some more successfully than others. But it is not a simple matter of offering financial incentives or providing more child care. Modern urban life in rich countries is not well adapted to large families. Women find it hard to combine family and career. They often compromise by having just one child.

And if fertility in ageing countries does not pick up? It will not be the end of the world, at least not for quite a while yet, but the world will slowly become a different place. Older societies may be less innovative and more strongly disinclined to take risks than younger ones. By 2025 at the latest, about half the voters in America and most of those in western European countries will be over 50—and older people turn out to vote in much greater number than younger ones. Academic studies have found no evidence so far that older voters have used their power at the ballot box to push for policies that specifically benefit them, though if in future there are many more of them they might start doing so.

Nor is there any sign of the intergenerational warfare predicted in the 1990s. After all, older people themselves mostly have families. In a recent study of parents and grown-up children in 11 European countries, Karsten Hank of Mannheim University found that 85% of them lived within 25km of each other and the majority of them were in touch at least once a week.

Even so, the shift in the centre of gravity to older age groups is bound to have a profound effect on societies, not just economically and politically but in all sorts of other ways too. Richard Jackson and Neil Howe of America’s CSIS, in a thoughtful book called The Graying of the Great Powers, argue that, among other things, the ageing of the developed countries will have a number of serious security implications.

For example, the shortage of young adults is likely to make countries more reluctant to commit the few they have to military service. In the decades to 2050, America will find itself playing an ever-increasing role in the developed world’s defence effort. Because America’s population will still be growing when that of most other developed countries is shrinking, America will be the only developed country that still matters geopolitically(地缘政治上).

Ask me in 2020

There is little that can be done to stop population ageing, so the world will have to live with it. But some of the consequences can be alleviated. Many experts now believe that given the right policies, the effects, though grave, need not be catastrophic. Most countries have recognised the need to do something and are beginning to act.

But even then there is no guarantee that their efforts will work. What is happening now is historically unprecedented. Ronald Lee, director of the Centre on the Economics and Demography of Ageing at the University of California, Berkeley, puts it briefly and clearly:“We don’t really know what population ageing will be like, because nobody has done it yet.“

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1. In its 1994 report, the World Bank argued that the current pension system in most countries could ______.

[A] not be sustained in the long term

[B] further accelerate the ageing process

[C] hardly halt the growth of population

[D] help tide over the current ageing crisis

2. What message is conveyed in books like Young vs Old?

[A] The generation gap is bound to narrow.

[B] Intergenerational conflicts will intensify.

[C] The younger generation will beat the old.

[D] Old people should give way to the young.

3. One reason why pension and health care reforms are slow in coming is that ______.

[A] nobody is willing to sacrifice their own interests to tackle the problem

[B] most people are against measures that will not bear fruit immediately

[C] the proposed reforms will affect too many people’s interests

[D] politicians are afraid of losing votes in the next election

4. The author believes the most effective method to solve the pension crisis is to ______.

[A] allow people to work longer [C] cut back on health care provisions

[B] increase tax revenues [D] start reforms right away

5. The reason why employers are unwilling to keep older workers is that ______.

[A] they are generally difficult to manage

[B] the longer they work, the higher their pension

[C] their pay is higher than that of younger ones

[D] younger workers are readily available

6. To compensate for the fast-shrinking labour force, Japan would need ______.

[A] to revise its current population control policy

[B] large numbers of immigrants from overseas

[C] to automate its manufacturing and service industries

[D] a politically feasible policy concerning population

7. Why do many women in rich countries compromise by having only one child?

[A] Small families are becoming more fashionable.

[B] They find it hard to balance career and family.

[C] It is too expensive to support a large family.

[D] Child care is too big a problem for them.

8. Compared with younger ones, older societies are less inclined to ______________________________.

9. The predicted intergenerational warfare is unlikely because most of the older people themselves _________________________.

10. Countries that have a shortage of young adults will be less willing to commit them to ____________________________.

Part III Listening Comprehension(35 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

11. [A] The man is the manager of the apartment building.

[B] The woman is very good at bargaining.

[C] The woman will get the apartment refurnished.

[D] The man is looking for an apartment.

12. [A] How the pictures will turn out. [C] What the man thinks of the shots.

[B] Where the botanical garden is. [D] Why the pictures are not ready.

13. [A] There is no replacement for the handle.

[B] There is no match for the suitcase.

[C] The suitcase is not worth fixing.

[D] The suitcase can be fixed in time.

14. [A] He needs a vehicle to be used in harsh weather.

[B] He has a fairly large collection of quality trucks.

[C] He has had his truck adapted for cold temperatures.

[D] He does routine truck maintenance for the woman.

15. [A] She cannot stand her boss’s bad temper.

[B] She has often been criticized by her boss.

[C] She has made up her mind to resign.

[D] She never regrets any decisions she makes.

16. [A] Look for a shirt of a more suitable color and size.

[B] Replace the shirt with one of some other material.

[C] Visit a different store for a silk or cotton shirt.

[D] Get a discount on the shirt she is going to buy.

17. [A] At a“Lost and Found”. [C] At a trade fair.

[B] At a reception desk. [D] At an exhibition.

18. [A] Repair it and move in. [C] Convert it into a hotel.

[B] Pass it on to his grandson. [D] Sell it for a good price.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. [A] Unique descriptive skills. [C] Colourful world experiences.

[B] Good knowledge of readers’ tastes. [D] Careful plotting and clueing.

20. [A] A peaceful setting. [C] To be in the right mood.

[B] A spacious room. [D] To be entirely alone.

21. [A] They rely heavily on their own imagination.

[B] They have experiences similar to the characters’.

[C] They look at the world in a detached manner.

[D] They are overwhelmed by their own prejudices.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

22. [A] Good or bad, they are there to stay.

[B] Like it or not, you have to use them.

[C] Believe it or not, they have survived.

[D] Gain or lose, they should be modernised.

23. [A] The frequent train delays. [C]The food sold on the trains.

[B] The high train ticket fares. [D] The monopoly of British Railways.

24. [A] The low efficiency of their operation.

[B] Competition from other modes of transport.

[C] Constant complaints from passengers.

[D] The passing of the new transport act.

25. [A] They will be de-nationalised. [C] They are fast disappearing.

[B] They provide worse service. [D] They lose a lot of money.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

Passage One

Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. [A] The whole Antarctic region will be submerged.

[B] Some polar animals will soon become extinct.

[C] Many coastal cities will be covered with water.

[D] The earth will experience extreme weathers.

27. [A] How humans are to cope with global warming.

[B] How unstable the West Antarctic ice sheet is.

[C] How vulnerable the coastal cities are.

[D] How polar ice impacts global weather.

28. [A] It collapsed at least once in the past 1.3 million years.

[B] It sits firmly on solid rock at the bottom of the ocean.

[C] It melted at temperatures a bit higher than those of today.

[D] It will have little impact on sea level when it breaks up.

29. [A] The West Antarctic region was once an open ocean.

[B] The West Antarctic ice sheet was about 7,000 feet thick.

[C] The West Antarctic ice sheet was once floating ice.

[D] The West Antarctic region used to be warmer than today.

历年真题:2013年12月大学英语六级真题

为您提供四六级备考资料以及历年真题,下文《历年真题:2013年12月大学英语六级真题》由英语频道为您整理,希望对您有帮助,欢迎您访问浏览更多考试资讯。

Part I Writing(30 minutes)

作文一:大学快要毕业了,需要找工作,写一封求职信说明申请工作的原因和自己能胜任的理由。

作文二: For this part, youare allowed 30 minutes to write an essay about the impact of informationexplosion by referring to the saying"a wealth ofinformation creates a poverty of attention". You can cite examplesto illustrate your point and then explain what you can do to avoid beingdistracted by irrelevant information? You should write at least 150 words butno more than 200 words.

作文三: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write anessay on happiness by referring to the saying”Happiness is not the absence of probems”,but the ability to dealwith them.” You can cite examples to illustrate your point and then explain how you can develop your ability todeal with problem and be happy.you should write at least 150words but nomore than 200words.

PartⅡ Listening Comprehension(30 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section,you will hear 8 short conversationsand 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questionswill be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions willbe spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During thepause,you must read the four choice marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which isthe best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with asingle line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1.A)Labor problems. C)An error in the order.

B)Weatherconditions. D)Misplacing ofgoods.

2.A)What the woman says makes a lot of sense.

B)The rich are opposed to social welfare.

C)He is sympathetic with poor people.

D)He agrees with Mr.Johnso’s views.

3.A)He will be practicing soccer. C)He will be attending a meeting.

B)He has work to finish in time. D)He has a tough problem to solve.

4.A)Mary should get rid of her pet as soon as possible.

B)Mary will not be able to keep a dog in the building.

C)Mary is not happy with the ban on pet animals.

D)Mary might as well send her dog to her relative.

5.A)The twins’ voices are quite different.

B)Lisa and Gale are not very much alike.

C)He does not believe they are twin sisters.

D)The woman seems a bit hard of hearing.

6.A)The serious economic crisis in Britain.

B)A package deal to be signed in November.

C)A message from their business accociates.

D)Their ability to deal with financial problems.

7.A)It is impossible to remove the stain completely.

B)The man will be charged extra for the service.

C)The man has to go to the main cleaning facility.

D)Cleaning the pants will take longer than usual.

8.A) European markets. C) Luxury goods.

B) A protest rally. D) Imported products.

Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have justheard.

9. A) He made a business trip. C)He talked to her on the phone.

B) He had a quarrel with Marsha. D) He resolved a budget problem.

10.A) She may have to be fired for poor performance.

B) She has developed some serious mental problem.

C) She is in charge of the firm’s budget planning.

D) She supervises a number of important projects.

11. A) She failed to arrive at the airport on time.

B) David promised to go on the trip in her place.

C) Something unexpected happened at her home.

D) She was not feeling herself on that day.

12.A) He frequently gets things mixed up.

B) He is always finding fault with Marsha.

C) He has been trying hard to cover for Marsha.

D) He often fails to follow through on his projects.

Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have justheard.

13. A) They are better sheltered from all the outsidetemptations.

B) They are usually more motivated to compete with their peers.

C) They have more opportunities to develop their leadershipskills.

D) They take an active part in more extracurricular activities.

14. A) Its chief positions are held by women.

B)Its teaching staff consists of women only.

C) Its students aim at managerial posts.

D) Its students are role models of women.

15.A)It is under adequate control.

B) It is traditional but colourful.

C) They are more or less isolated from the outside world.

D) They have ample opportunities to meet the opposite sex.

SectionB

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 shortpassages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both thepassage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line throughthe centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

PassageOne

Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passageyou have just heard

16.A. By invading the personal space of listeners

B.BY making gestures at straiegic points

C.BY speaking in a deep, loud voice

D.BY speaking with the local accent

17. A. To promote sportsmanship amongbusiness owners

B.To encourage people to support local sports groups

C.To raise money for a forthcoming local sports event

D.To show his family’S contribution to the community

18. A. They are known to be the style ofthe sports world

B.They would certainly appeal to his audience

C.They represent the latest fashion in the business circles

D.They are believed to communicate power and influence

19. A. To cover up his own nervousness

B.To create a warm personal atmosphere

C.To enhance the effect of background music

D.To allow the audience to better enjoy his slides

Passage Two

Questions 20 to 22 are based on passage youhave just heard.

20. A. She was the first educated slave ofjohn wheatley’s

B.She was the greatest female poet in colonial Americe

C.She was born about the time df the war of independence

D.She was the first African-American slave to publish a book

21.A. Revise it a number of times

B.Obtain consent from her owner

C.Go through a scholarly examination

D.Turn to the colonial governor for help

22. A. Literary works calling for theabolition of slavery

B.Religious scripts popular among slaves in America

C.A rich stock of manuscripts left by historical figures

D.Lots of lost works written by African-American women

Passage 3

23. A)it is a trait ofgenerous character

B) it is a reflection of self-esteem

C) it is an indicator of high intelligence

D) it is a sign of happiness and confidence

24 A) it wasself-defeating

B)it was aggressive

C)it was the essence of comedy

D) it was something admirable

25) A)it is a double-edged sword

B) it is a feature of a given culture

C)it is a unique gift of human beings

D)it is a result of both nature and nurture

SectionC

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When thepassage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its generalidea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill inthe blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passageis read for the third time, you should check what you have written.注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。It is important that we be mindful of the earth,theplanet out of which we are born and by which we are nourished,guided,healed-theplanet,however,which we have(26)_____to a considerable degree in these pasttwo centuries of(27)_____exploitation,this exploitation has reachedsuceh(28)_________that presently it appears that some hundreds of thousands ofsepecies will be(29)______before the end of the century.

In our times,human shrewdness has mastered thedeep(30)________of the earth at a level far beyond the capatities of earlierpeoples,we can break the mountains apart,we can drain the rivers and flood thevalleys,we can turn the most luxuriant forests into throwaway paper products,wecan(31)_________the great grass cover of the westem plains andpour(32)______chemicals into the soil until the soil is dead and blowsaway in the wind,We cn pollute the airwhith acids,the river with sewage(污水),the seas with oil.We can inventcomputers(33)______processing ten million calculations per second.And why?Toincrease the volume and thd wasteheap,our managerial skills are measured by the competence(34)____inaccelerating this process.If in these activities the physical features of theplanet are damaged,if the environment is made inhospitable for(35)_______livingspecies,then so be it,We are,supposedly,creating a technoligical wondreworld.

Part III Reading Comprehension(40 minutes)

SectionA

Directions: In thissection, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select oneword for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following thepassage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Eachchoice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the correspondingletter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 36 to 45 are based on the followingpassage.

Quite often, educators tell families of children who are learningEnglish as a second language to speak only English, and not their nativelanguage, at home. Although these educators may have good(36) __________intentions, their advice to families is misguided, and it(37) __________ stems from misunderstandings about the processof language acquisition. Educators may fear that children hearing two languageswill become(38) __________permanentlyconfused and thus their languagedevelopment will be(39) __________ delayed;this concern is not documented in the literature. Children are capable oflearning more than one language, whether(40) __________simultaneouslyorsequentially(依次地). In fact, most children outside of the United States are expectedto become bilingual or even, in many cases, multilingual. Globally, knowingmore than one language is viewed as an(41) __________assetand even a necessityin many areas。

It is also of concern that the misguided advice that students shouldspeak only English is given primarily to poor families with limited educationalopportunities, not to wealthier families who have many educational advantages.Since children from poor families often are(42) __________identified asat-risk for academic failure, teachers believe that advising families to speakEnglish only is appropriate. Teachers consider learning two languages to be too(43) __________overwhelming for children from poor families, believing that thechildren are already burdened by their home situations。

If families do not know English or have limitedEnglish skills themselves, how can they communicate in English? Advisingnon-English-speaking families to speak only English is(44)__________equivalent to telling them not to communicate with or interact withtheir children. Moreover, the(45) __________underlying message is that thefamily's native language is not important or valued。

A)Asset I)permanently

B)Delayed j)prevalent

C)Deviates k)simultaneously

D)Equivalent L)stems

E)Identified M)successively

F)Intentions N)underlying

G)Object O) visualizing

H)overwhelming

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